Look Correctly. Poor observation techniques are dangerous. One common error is
referred to as “tunnel-vision” where a driver stares down the centre of
the road to the exclusion of the wider scene. Another is the timing of when
and where we look, as we turn etc. (See Great-Driving-Habit # One).
Different weather, light and traffic situations may make visibility difficult
as can dust storms or smoke. Moving the eyes slower through fog and developing
the art of observing with the peripheral vision can be of assistance.
is both a left and right brain function; therefore males compared with females
process judgment differently. Judgment is also based on knowledge, experience
/ Distance. This is best assessed by looking at solutions (or
“Traffic-Gaps”) as opposed to looking for problems (e.g. other vehicles).
/ Unsafe. Without some trust in other people or machines, we can’t function
appropriately. Knowing when to not trust someone or something is a great skill
Signal. Especially the left signal prior to an intersection when you are
turning later than the intersection is very dangerous. Other times a signal
may be too late or misunderstood because of timing.
the Traffic Lights. An amber (yellow) light means stop, unless you are so
close to the stop line when it first comes on that it is unsafe to stop. Often
drivers think, “Can I make it”?
That wrong mental question means that drivers often keep going through
the traffic lights when they ought to stop. This situation doesn’t allow
right turning vehicles to complete their turn safely.
Three-Point-Plan To Avoid Running The Traffic Lights.
what is behind you, and think about the speed that you are approaching the
green light. Ask the question -
given the road and weather conditions, could I safely stop if they change?
an imaginary mark on the road where you think is the last place from which you
could reasonably brake to a smooth, firm stop. If the road is wet you might
increase this distance by an extra 50% compared with a dry road.
If it is heavy rain with water flowing on the road, you might double
it. If there is a large heavy vehicle close behind you, you might triple the
you approach your imaginary mark, if the lights change to yellow before you
reach it, brake decisively to a stop; if you have passed the imaginary mark,
gently accelerate and be very wary of other vehicles, especially right turning
vehicles that are facing you.
A great killer, which is responsible for almost one-third of drivers
killed on country roads.
Management In A Nutshell.
all sleep in ninety-minute cycles. At the end of each cycle we decide if we
will become fully awake or go into another sleep cycle.
Often we move into another body position.
first two-thirds (sixty minutes) of each cycle we progressively go deeper into
the ‘delta’ state, which is the deepest sleep where the brain slows to a
speed less than four cycles per second.
for thirty minutes the brain speeds up to the ‘theta’ state where there is
less than seven cycles per second. At the end of this section is where we
dream. We usually wake up in the dream.
to Dr Philip Swann, notionally, we have a thing called a “Sleep-Bank”.
We make deposits to the “Sleep-Bank” by being asleep and
withdrawals by being awake. We can’t cheat this bank; when we run out of
reserves, we go to sleep. This happens in three stages. First a micro-sleep,
which is so fast that we may not be aware that we just had one.
This is usually induced by a sudden movement of the eye, such as when
we look left and right at an intersection. Second a mini-sleep, which may last
one or two seconds. This is common when we become fatigued on long trips. It
often results in head jerks. Thirdly,
we go to sleep.
first third of the ‘delta’ sleep period (twenty minutes) we are paying
back to the “Sleep-Bank” a greater value than the rest of the
ninety-minute sleep cycle on a diminishing basis. This is why they call ten to
fifteen minute sleeps “power-naps”, because they have more value than any
other equivalent period in the sleep cycle. The problem with longer than
twenty-minute periods of sleep is that you go too deep into the ‘delta’
state and you may be too drowsy to drive safely.
is made up of our belief-system, habits and feelings. Feelings or emotions are
most dynamic and will alter from moment to moment as we drive. It is so
important to keep control of our emotions.
/ Wary. (Being defensive). The
question should always be, “Is the other driver having a problem that I can
help him/her solve? Rather than “Get out of my way you idiot, I have the
We often forget how important brake lights are in communication. So often it
is possible to alert the driver behind to a problem with the flash of a brake
light even when we don’t need brakes yet. Horn and signals should be used
/ Impatient/ Hesitation. Form a continuum of belief about our own importance
and skill level as a driver. The
“Golden-Rule” of “Do to others as you would have them do to you” would
seem appropriate here.