The term "Advanced Driving" has been propagated by people with various backgrounds in driver training. The result is that the term "Advanced Driving" means different things to different people.
The Two main 'schools' of thought have become known as "Roadcraft" and "Carcraft".
Studies have shown a disparity between the crash records of graduates
of the two types of courses,
(e.g. Perry, 1979; Hoinville, Berthound and Mackie, 1972).
The author believes that proponents of each 'school' of thought should study the opposite point of view with the aim of mutual benefit.
The following is a comparative summary of the key features of
"Roadcraft" and "Carcraft".
|Seeks to train the mind to recognise potential hazards and plan a course of action through each hazard.||Seeks to develop a repertoire of back up manoeuvres of escape routes.|
|Places safety emphasis on the mental attitude of the driver. Drivers develop habits which produce appropriate reactions in an emergency. (see Five Great Driving Habits).||Places safety emphasis on the handling characteristics of the vehicle and skill of the driver.|
|Trains the driver to be relaxed, balanced and smooth in the handling of the controls.||Trains the driver to be fast and accurate in the handling of the controls.|
|Emphasis on car sympathy and low driver fatigue.||Emphasis on understanding the optimum performance of the vehicle.|
|Usual based on the system taught at the Hendon Police College, London.
Each "hazard" (loosely defined as any point of potential conflict) is approached
with a set order in the operation of vehicle controls. Commencing
with "Course Selected" the driver forms a mental plan of:
1. The intended path of the vehicle.
2. Estimates the approach speed.
3. Marks imaginary point on the road's surface where the gear Change is to be made.
4. Calculates the zones of visibility and invisibility.
|No overall concept of hazard. Each "hazard" is approached according to its type eg. for a left turn, approach from the right side of the lane.|
Brakes & Gears:
Brakes & Gears:
Some who have participated in Carcraft courses on a racing circuit seem
to use this line on the road.
Hoinville,G., Berthound, R. & Mackie, A.M. (1972)
A study of accident rates amongst motorists who passed or failed an advanced driving test.
Department of the Environment, Berkshire, England TRRL Report LR499.
Perry, D.R. (1979)
Driver Instruction: Some issues in Pre- and Post instruction in Australia.
Research Board, AIR 104502.